Plastics are a significant environmental concern because they can cause both physical and chemical pollution. While plastic products offer numerous benefits and conveniences, it is important to take steps to responsibly manage the disposal of plastic to avoid harmful consequences. Effective waste management strategies include promoting the use of biodegradable disposable containers in India containing materials, and incentivizing recycling of plastic materials. Reusable containers, instead of disposable plastic products, can also reduce waste. With careful and conscious effort, plastic pollution can be reduced and managed for a healthier environment.
How are Biodegradable Plastics Made?
Biodegradable plastics are typically made of plant-based materials, such as starch and cellulose. They can be composed of plant materials, animal-derived ingredients, or petrochemical compounds. Examples of these include polylactic acid, polyhydroxyalkanoates, and polybutyrate-co-valerate. Biodegradable plastics may also contain synthetic compounds, such as oxo-biodegradable additives, which make the plastic easier to degrade over time.
The main benefit of biodegradable plastics is their ability to degrade quickly, usually within a few months or even weeks. As a result, this reduces the need for costly waste management solutions. In addition, biodegradable plastics don’t leach harmful toxins and chemicals, as is common with traditional plastics, making them better for the environment.
Although biodegradable plastics have their advantages, they come with several drawbacks. First, they may take a long time to decompose, depending on the environment they are in. They can also require more energy to produce than traditional plastics, which in turn creates more pollution. Additionally, biodegradable plastics don’t necessarily break down in a safe way for humans, animals, or plants. In some cases, these plastics can even create a potential hazard by blocking sunlight from reaching other plants and animals.
Biodegradable disposable containers in India are used in many industries and can be seen everywhere from disposable cups and packaging to shopping bags and medical supplies. Many governments and large organizations, such as the European Union, have also implemented policies to promote the use of biodegradable plastics and have banned single-use plastics. This has resulted in the growth of the global biodegradable plastics market.
Many Advantages of Using Biodegradable Plastics
1.They Help Remove Waste
By using biodegradable plastics, it can help to reduce the amount of non-biodegradable waste. The materials of these bioplastics do not contain any toxins and they have an improved resistance against the oxidation process which leads to decomposition of these materials when they are discarded. Therefore, they have a lower environmental impact when disposed of.
2. Another major breakthrough has been witnessed in the medical field. Scientists have recently created biodegradable devices that can be implanted into the human body. For example, they have designed biodegradable pacemakers that do not require to be surgically removed, as they will degrade over time within the body.
These advancements in biodegradable plastics technology, combined with effective marketing, can truly benefit the planet. Biodegradable plastic products can reduce plastic pollution and the pollution of the world’s oceans, thus, resulting in the conservation of wildlife and other species of marine life. By replacing regular plastic items with biodegradable plastic alternatives, we can surely see a positive change in our environment and ecosystems.
Disadvantages of Biodegradable Plastics
1. Engineering Problems
The potential risk of contamination from the pesticides is real and it is important that steps are taken to mitigate it. Quality control protocols should be in place to ensure that only safe biodegradable plastics are used. This should include using crops that have not been sprayed with pesticides or using organically certified sources. Furthermore, good manufacturing practices should be adhered to when producing biodegradable plastics to avoid cross-contamination and maximize product quality.
2. Need for Composters
Biodegradable plastics require heat and micro-organisms to break them down, even in areas with proper equipment, composting is likely to take up a lot of time. Furthermore, depending on the country’s climate, they may also not biodegrade very well as temperature and sunlight is also important to facilitate decomposition. Also, improper disposal of biodegradable disposable containers in India could end up damaging the environment even if the product is biodegradable, if it isn’t done correctly.